Painkillers are used to relieve pains in patients. The drugs can be snorted, injected, or taken orally. The drugs are mainly abused by teenagers, since they are readily available from a local drug store, chemist, or online. When the addicts consume the drugs, it calms and takes them to a condition of euphoria. The euphoric state makes the addicts forget about their pains. Frequent use of the drugs results in physical and psychological dependence. Most people use painkillers for recreational purposes, due to euphoric effects they create. The drugs bind with pain receptors in the brain and blocks pain.
When the drugs are administered in the body, the body becomes dependent on them and stopping use may cause withdrawal symptoms. The side-effects are usually not common. The side-effects depend on the addict’s tolerance. The addicts become dependent on drugs to get good feelings, since the brain is able to create its own feel-good chemicals. The degree of addiction usually depends on the length of time and quantity of drugs being consumed. There are various side-effects of painkiller abuse.
The short-term side-effect of painkiller abuse is the feeling of euphoria. Most people take the drug to get that feeling. The addicts experience drowsiness, dry mouth, fatigue, and slow, shallow breathing. The addict loses appetite due to malnutrition. The addicts experience abnormal bowel movements, eventually leading to constipation. A low amount of drugs in the body causes absorption of excess water in the intestines. This may be lethal, since the bowels can block the addict’s system. Constipation does not go away with time, only until the user stops abusing the drugs. The addicts have less sex drive, because the drugs cause erectile dysfunction in men. Erectile dysfunction is inability by a man to maintain and develop an erection. This may lead to family problems, for example, divorce.
Another example side effect is nausea, causing vomiting. This may be dangerous, since the vomit may be inhaled. Continued use of the drugs usually results in severe side effects. The effects include increased heartbeat, slower heartbeat, and hallucinations, just to name a few. Hallucinations result in memory loss, characterized by addicts conversing with themselves or screaming loudly. The addicts experience numbing sensations and can pass out at any time.
The drugs affect the health of the addicts. Since the drugs are snorted or injected, the user experiences infections at the point of entry. They also experience nodding signs. This refers to drifting in and out of consciousness, as the drugs slowly lose their effects on the body. Anxiety sets in due to continuous preoccupation with the drugs. The addicts can start suffering from respiratory and liver problems. The addicts experience sleepless nights and terrible dreams when they don’t. The dreams are violent and disturb the consumers all over night. During the day, they feel sleepy and lethargy.